By Joseph Conrad East Jessamine/Madison Central Lit Circles 2013
1. "The sun set; the dusk fell on the stream, and lights began to appear along the shore"(Conrad 6). This is imagery because you can just see the scene he has painted with his words. This affects the reader because without this sentence the reader has no clue or idea where the author is.
2. "Flames glided in the river"(Conrad 9).This is personification because flames cannot literally glide across any surface. This is also important to the reader because it lets the reader know how the flames are moving and how fast they are spreading. This could also be imagery.
3. "Swept and ungarnished staircase, as arid as a desert"(Conrad 14). This is a simile because it compares how the staircases have been swept to a desert. It's not a metaphor though because it uses the term "as". It is important to the reader because once again without it the reader has no clue what these stairs look like, they might as well be rotten wooden steps.
4. "She wore a starched white affair on her head, had a wart on one cheek, and silver-rimmed spectacles hung on the tip of her nose"(Conrad 15). This is imagery because it has a detailed description of how this women looked and helps us, the reader see her. This is also why it's important to the reader because we need to be able to visualize what the people in the story look like.
"In the offing the sea and the sky were welded together without a joint, and in the luminous space the tanned sails of the barges drifting up with the tide seemed to stand still in red clusters of canvas sharply peaked, with gleams of varnished spirits"(pg 1). This represents imagery simply because I as a reader, can picture exactly what the narrator is seeing from the ship he is traveling on. Imagery is used frequently in this novel, and is a large impact considering this type of literary device is describing a foreign land.
"She rang under my feet like an empty Huntley and Palmer biscuit tin kicked along a gutter; she was nothing so solid in make, and rather less pretty in shape, but I had expended enough hard work on her to make me love her"(pg 39). The quote above is an example of simile, this is because Marlow is making a direct comparison between the steamboat and a empty tin can, using the word like. By using similes throughout the text the the author is helping you understand the surroundings, feeling, and thoughts of Marlow, by connecting these things with surroundings, feelings, or vivid thoughts that you might have experienced before.
" The offing was barred by a black bank of clouds...seemed to lead into the heart of an immense darkness"(pg 113). Throughout the entire book Marlow refers to anything related with darkness, as uneasy, unexplored, fearful, and all together bad. By the narrator referring to darkness as having a negative
feeling, the reader begins to understand the story behind the title, Heart of Darkness, which symbolizes the center of all things unwanted, which is exactly the place Marlow is not only sharing about, but as also ventured into.
“The snake had charmed me.” (Conrad 12) Here is a symbol of evil, created in the form of the snake. This is also an allusion to the Christian bible, in which Satan (evil itself) appears to charm adam and Eve in the form of a snake.
“I watched the fog for the signs of lifting as a cat watches a mouse.” (Conrad 62) Here is an obvious use of simile. The author compares himself to a cat in that he is watchful, waiting.\
“The steamer seemed at her last gasp.” (Conrad 55) This is another example of personification in the novella. Marlow’s steamship, one of his truest companions on the journey, is now close to death.
“The other explained…with the ivory.” (Conrad 45) This is a form of diction employed by the author numerous times throughout the work. He utilizes long, compound sentences to show Marlow’s extended train of thought. Third person
This story is told in third person because there is narrator. You can tell this because it seems like it is a person telling a story inside of a story.
I believe the protagonist of this story is Marlow because all he wants to do is go to Africia and explore it. He has wanted to do this ever sense he was a little boy.
The antagonist of this story is the station managers uncle. He wants to hang a rival because he came into Kurtz area and is a threat to there ivory export.
Kurtz native and long time suffering fiancée, whom Marlow goes to visit aster Kurtz death. Her unshakeable certainty about Kurtz love for her reinforces Marlow’s belief that women’s lives on a dream world, well insulated from reality.